How To - Layer Clothing
Layering clothing is crucial for the comfort and protection of any adventurer. This simple concept allows you to make quick adjustments based on your activity level and changes in the weather. Call it an art or call it science, when the cold weather rolls in you'll be glad you learnt how to do it right.
The 3-Layer System
Before we get into the finer details, let's break the layering system down because each layer has its own important function. The base layer manages moisture, the mid layer protects you from the cold and allows your skin to breathe, and the outer layer shields you from wind and rain. When the weather changes, you simply add or subtract layers as needed.
This is the layer closest to your body and manages moisture and heat. This layer usually allows for freedom of movement while retaining your body heat to keep you warm and toasty. The material of this layer should be extremely breathable with quick moisture evaporation, to avoid remaining damp. Depending on the location and expected temperature, you can opt for a singlet top, short sleeve top or a long sleeve top for extra warmth.
This is the second layer of clothing and is specifically used for wind protection and keeping you nice and dry throughout the adventure. It should comfortably fit over your first base layer and allow for relatively easy movement. Middle layers should be made of material that is moisture wicking and breathable, whilst still providing a barrier against the harsh wind. Stopping at this layer is great for warmer climates.
The final layer acts as a shield to natural elements like rain and wind. It should fit comfortably over both the base and middle layers without being overly large. To maximise comfort and wind resistance, look for an outer layer with an elastic or corded bottom to keep the wind out.
General Tips For Layering
- Be weight conscious. Ensure you choose items that are lightweight. You will be lugging your clothes around with you at all times, so be sure they don't weigh you down too much.
- Integrate the fit. Make sure your entire layering system is designed to integrate and allow dynamic movement, even when wearing many layers. Always try on the full system before heading outdoors.
- Comfort is key. Make sure all items are comfortable and promise to do exactly what you expect them to do.